Lecture 1: Institutional Power
- Understand the principles of the panopticon
- Understand Michel Foucaults concept of ‘Disciplinary Society’
- Consider the idea that disciplinary society is a way of making individuals ‘productive’ and ‘useful’
- Understand Foucaults idea of techniques of the body and ‘docile’ bodies
Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
- Madness & Civilisation
- Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison
- Disciplinary power and Disciplinary society
The great confinement (late 1600s)
- ‘Houses of correction’ to curb unemployment and idleness
The birth of the asylum
- The emergence of forms of knowledge – biology, psychiatry, medicine, etc., legitimise the practices ofhospitals, doctors, psychiatrists.
- Foucault aims to show how these forms of knowledge and rationalising institutions like the prison, the asylum, the hospital, the school, now affect human beings in such a way that they alter our consciousness and that they internalise our responsibility.
The Panopticon internalises in the individual the conscious state that he is always being watched.
‘Hence the major effect of the Panopticon: to induce in the inmate a state of conscious and permanent visibility that assures the automatic functioning of power.’(Foucault, 1975)
Disciplinary society and disciplinary power
- Discipline is a ‘technology’ [aimed at] ‘how to keep someone under surveillance, how to control his conduct, his behaviour, his aptitudes, how to improve his performance, multiply his capacities, how to put him where he is most useful: that is discipline in my sense’ (Foucault,1981 in O’Farrrell 2005:102)
Key things to remember:
- Michel Foucault
- Panopticism as a form of discipline
- Techniques of the body
- Docile Bodies
Lecture 6: Concepts of Space – 15th November 2013
- Marcel Duchamp – peep hole installation
– Relationship between public and private space.
– Interior space, vocal point, public & private.
– Spaces on different scales. Plays on expanse.
– Flat/3D installation.
– Challenges notion of space.
- Guy Debord “La Societe du Spectacle”
- John Dewey “Art as Experience”
– Art as an idea.
– Invention as place.
– Conceptual drawing.
– Conceptual performance.
Art as idea > Art as object.
Conceptual art – 1960s/1970s
– Thought and concept that defines the framing of a space.
– Conceptual art shifts from an emphasis on form and aesthetics to consider the ‘thinking process’.
This was considered central to art making as the essence of art: idea and concept.
‘Conceptualism developed approaches such as: A challenge to the visual and the status of the art object.’
- Lucy Lippard
– ‘Dematerialisation of art.’
- ‘Nails’ – Hauser & Wirth
- Fluxus Box
- Architecture and spatial practices
(Modern to post modern archetectural approaches to space)
- Michael Faucault
- Robert Morris
- Aspects of Dystopian spaces
- Karl Lagerfield & Zaha Hadid
- F.Jameson ‘The Cultural Turn’
- Nicholas Barriard
- Social space ‘youtube’
- Claire Bishop ‘point of departure’
- Olafur Eliasson: your chance encounter
- Relational Aesthetics (1990s)
- Marc Auge – Supermodern as ubiquitous modern space (non-places)
- The modern procession
- When faith moves mountains
- Virtual spaces and participants